Your knife is dull as a dog biscuit, huh? And you want to do something about it, but don’t know where to start? You have found the right article my friend. Sharpening a knife is a lot like many of these skills that fall into the self-reliance category. It’s something that virtually everyone could do just a few short years ago.
With that in mind I would like to consider the basics of sharpening any knife. If you take the time to watch this video you will also see some of this in practice with various knife sharpening devices.
To sharpen any knife you need to go through the same basic steps which are: getting the proper sharpener, know the angle you need to sharpen on (this is really important), prep your stone, actually use proper technique to sharpen it.
Get a proper sharpener
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There are tons of them out there and which one you get is dependent upon the experience and confidence level that you possess. You can get one as simple as handheld sharpener, diamond sharpener or stones. The handhelds are for those of us who do not feel confident in our skill and want something that gets the angle correct for us each time and is safe to use. The diamond sharpeners and stones come in various grades of coarseness. If you have an incredibly dull knife you are going to need to utilize a course stone. A very course stone will take off much more material than will a fine stone. Personally I have a course stone and a fine stone as you can see in the video.
Know your bevel angle
This is the angle on the sharp side of your blade. You will notice that some knives have a steep angle right at the sharp side, others have an angle that basically slopes all the way to the back of the blade. A general consideration is that most of your thin knives, like a mora brand or filet style knife, will not have much actual angle. Whereas, thicker blades will have a much steeper angle. Keep in mind that a good rule of thumb for sharpening is 20 degrees. I have always laid two dimes down on the stone and then rested the knife on them to get a good idea of this angle.
Prep your stone
Do not feel as if you need to get too fancy here. In the video you will see I discuss using nothing more than spit on the stone to get the desired effect. Honing oil has its uses, however mostly it makes a knife slip a bit too much for my liking. A good rule of thumb if you determine you need to lubricate your stone is to use a water based lubricant (spit or water) on the diamond stones and then use oil on the Arkansas and similar stones I discuss in the video. With that said, I rarely use oil when sharpening and my knives are sharp as razors.
Have you ever sliced, or watched someone slice the thanksgiving turkey? If so you already have a leg up on sharpening a knife. Whether you are using a stone, or diamond sharpener imagine you are slicing off a thin sliver of the stone. You should always start the blade near the handle and then slice towards the tip. Remember slice off a small sliver of the stone.
There you have it. By reading this and then watching the video I want you to be the person everyone looks up to when needing a sharp knife.